Bowles, M.L. & C. Whelan (editors). 1994. Restoration of Endangered Species: Conceptual Issues, Planning and Implementation. Cambridge University Press.  link to Cambridge University Press
Bell, T.J., M.L. Bowles, & K.A. McEachern. 2003. Projecting the Success of Plant Population Restoration with Viability Analysis. Pages 313-348 in, C.A. Brigham & M.W. Schwartz (Eds), Population Viability in Plants. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. pdf
Bowles, M.L., J.L. McBride. & R.F. Betz. 1998 Management and Restoration Ecology of the federal threatened Mead's milkweed, Asclepias meadii, (ASCLEPIADACEAE). 1998. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 85:110-125. pdf
Tecic, D, J. McBride, M. Bowles, & D.L. Nickrent. 1998. Genetic variability in the federal threatened Mead=s milkweed, Asclepias meadii Torrey (ASCLEPIADACEAE) determined by allozyme electrophoresis. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 85:97-109.  pdf
Bowles, M, J. McBride, & T. Bell. 2001. Restoration of the federally threatened Mead's milkweed. Ecological Restoration 19:235-241. pdf
Hayworth, D.A., M.L. Bowles, B.A. Schaal, & K.E. Shingleton. 2001. Clonal population structure of the federal threatened Meadís milkweed, as determined by RAPD analysis, and its conservation implications. Pages 182-190 in, N.P. Bernstein & L.J. Ostrander (editors), Seeds for the Future Ė Roots of the Past: Proceedings of the Seventh North American Prairie Conference. North Iowa Area Community College, Mason City, Iowa.  pdf
Pitcherís thistle is a monocarpic disturbance-adapted herb restricted to sand dunes of the western Great Lakes. We are using repeated demographic monitoring and viability analysis to project population growth of restored populations. Click here to visit the Cirsium pitcheri research website. This work demonstrates population growth,but vulnerability of small populations to stochastic processes.
Bowles, M., R. Flakne, K. McEachern, & N. Pavlovic. 1993. Recovery Planning and reintroduction of the federally threatened Pitcher's thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) in Illinois. Natural Areas Journal 13:164-176. pdf
McEachern, K., M. Bowles, & N. Pavlovic. 1994. A metapopulation approach to recovery of the federally threatened Pitcher's thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) in southern Lake Michigan dunes. 1994. Pages 194-218 in, M. Bowles, & C. Whelan (editors), Restoration of Endangered Species: conceptual issues, planning and implementation. Cambridge University Press. pdf
The eastern prairie fringed orchid requires pollination by hawkmoths, soil fungi for seed germination and seedling establishment, and appropriate soil conditions for growth. Use of hand pollination to produce seeds for restoration creates concern over seed sources, as well as evaluation of sites for restoration. Our work has indicated an interaction between this speciesí breeding system and crossing rates, ranging from inbreeding depression to heterosis. We have identified obligate soil fungi required for seedling establishment, and have characterized soil conditions required to support populations.
Bowles, M.L. 1983. The tallgrass prairie orchids Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl. and Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.: Some aspects of their status, biology, and ecology, and implications toward management. Natural Areas Journal 3(4):14-37.  pdf
Sheviak, C.J. & M.L. Bowles. 1986. The prairie fringed orchids: a pollinator-isolated species pair. Rhodora 88:267-290. pdf
Zettler, L.W., S.L. Stewart, M.L. Bowles & K.A. Jacobs. 2001. Mycorrhizal fungi and cold-assisted symbiotic germination of the federally threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nuttall) Lindley. American Midland Naturalist 145:168-175. pdf
Bowles, K. A. Jacobs, L. W. Zettler and T. Wilson Delaney. 2002. Crossing effects on seed viability and experimental germination of the Federal threatened Platanthera leucophaea (Orchidaceae). Rhodora (104)14-30. pdf
Bowles, M., L. Zettler, T. Bell & P. Kelsey. 2005. Relationships between soil characteristics, distribution and restoration potential of the federal threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl. The American Midland Naturalist (154)273-285. pdf
Zettler, L.W., K.A. Piskin, S.L. Stewart, J.J. Hartsock, M.L. Bowles & T.J. Bell. 2005. Protocorm mycobionts of the Federally threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindley, and a t echnique to prompt leaf elongation in seedlings. Studies in Mycology 53. pdf