Technical Journals

Bowles, M.L. 1983. The tallgrass prairie orchids Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl. and Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.: Some aspects of their status, biology, and ecology, and implications toward management. Natural Areas Journal 3(4):14-37. pdf

Bowles, M.L., W.J. Hess, M.M. DeMauro, & R.D. Hiebert. 1986. Endangered plant inventory and monitoring strategies at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Natural Areas Journal 6:18-26. pdf

Sheviak, C.J. & M.L. Bowles. 1986. The prairie fringed orchids: a pollinator-isolated species pair. Rhodora 88:267-290. pdf

Bowles, M.L., Kris R. Bachtell, M.M. DeMauro, L.G. Sykora, & C.R. Bautista. 1988. Propagation techniques used in establishing a greenhouse population of Astragalus tennesseensis Gray. Natural Areas Journal 8:121-122. pdf

Bowles, M.L., K.R. Bachtell, & M.M. DeMauro. 1988. Status and restoration of Plantago cordata in the southern Lake Michigan Region. Natural Areas Journal 8:122-123. pdf

Bowles, M.L., G. Wilhelm, & S. Packard. 1988. The Illinois status of Liatris scariosa (L.) Willd. var. Nieuwlandii Lunell: a new threatened species for Illinois. Erigenia 10:1-26. pdf

Bowles, M.L., & S.I. Apfelbaum. 1989. Effects of land use and stochastic events on the heart-leaved plantain (Plantago cordata Lam.) in an Illinois stream system. Natural Areas Journal 9(2):90-101. pdf

Bowles, M.L., M.M. DeMauro, N.P. Pavlovic, & R. Hiebert. 1990. Effects of anthropogenic disturbances on endangered and threatened plants at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Natural Areas Journal 10:187-200. pdf

Bowles, M.L., J.B. Taft, E.F. Ulaszek, M.K. Solecki, D.M. Ketzner, L.R. Phillippe, A. Dennis, P.J. Burton, & K.R. Robertson. 1991. Rarely seen endangered plants, rediscoveries, and species new to Illinois. Erigenia 11:27-51.  pdf

Bowles, M.L. 1991. Some aspects of the status and ecology of seven rare wetland plant species in the Chicago region of northeastern Illinois. Erigenia 11:52-66. pdf

Bowles, M.L., R. Flakne, and R. Dombeck. 1992. Status and population fluctuations of the eastern prairie fringed orchid [Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl.] in llinois. Erigenia 12:26-40. pdf

Bowles, M.L., R.F. Betz, & M.M. DeMauro. 1993. Propagation of rare plants from historic seed collections - implications for rare species restoration and herbarium management. Restoration Ecology 1(2):101-105. pdf

Bowles, M., R. Flakne, K. McEachern, & N. Pavlovic. 1993. Recovery Planning and reintroduction of the federally threatened Pitcher's thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) in Illinois. Natural Areas Journal 13:164-176.  pdf

Bowles, M.L., J.L. McBride, N. Stoynoff, & K. Johnson. 1996. Temporal changes in vegetation structure in a fire- managed prairie fen. Natural Areas Journal 16:275-208. pdf

Bowles, M.L., and J. L. McBride. 1998. Vegetation, composition, structure, and chronological change in a decadent Midwestern North American savanna remnant. Natural Areas Journal, 18, 14-27. pdf

Bowles, M.L., J.L. McBride. & R.F. Betz. 1998. Management and Restoration Ecology of the federal threatened Mead's milkweed, Asclepias meadii, (ASCLEPIADACEAE). 1998. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 85:110-125. pdf

Tecic, D, J. McBride, M. Bowles, & D.L. Nickrent. 1998. Genetic variability in the federal threatened Mead's milkweed, Asclepias meadii Torrey (ASCLEPIADACEAE) determined by allozyme electrophoresis. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 85:97-109.  pdf

Bowles, M, M. Jones, J. McBride, T. Bell, & C. Dunn. 2000. Structural composition and species richness indices for upland forests of the Chicago region. Erigenia (18)30-57. pdf

Zettler, L.W., S.L. Stewart, M.L. Bowles & K.A. Jacobs. 2001. Mycorrhizal fungi and cold-assisted symbiotic germination of the federally threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nuttall) Lindley. American Midland Naturalist 145:168-175. pdf

Bowles, M, J. McBride, & T. Bell. 2001. Restoration of the federally threatened Mead's milkweed. Ecological Restoration 19:235-241.  pdf

Bowles, K. A. Jacobs, L. W. Zettler and T. Wilson Delaney. 2002. Crossing effects on seed viability and experimental germination of the Federal threatened Platanthera leucophaea (Orchidaceae). Rhodora (104)14-30.  pdf

Bowles, M, M. Jones & J. McBride. 2002. Twenty-year changes in burned and unburned sand prairie remnants in northwestern Illinois and implications for management. American Midland Naturalist 149:35-45. pdf

Bowles, M, M. Jones, C. Dunn, J. McBride, C. Bushey, & R. Moran. 2003. Twenty-year woody vegetation changes in northern flatwoods and mesic forest at Ryerson Conservation Area, Lake County, Illinois. Erigenia 19:31-51.  pdf

Bowles, M. & M. Jones. 2004. Long-term changes in Chicago region prairie vegetation in relation to fire management. Chicago Wilderness Journal 2(2)7-16.  pdf

Bowles, M., M. Jones, J. McBride, T. Bell & C. Dunn. 2005. Temporal instability in Chicagoís upland old growth forests. Chicago Wilderness Journal 3(2)5-16.  pdf

Bowles, M.L., P.D. Kelsey & J.L. McBride. 2005. Relationships among environmental factors, vegetation zones,and species richness in a North American calcareous prairie fen. Wetlands 25(3):685-697.  pdf

Bowles, M., L. Zettler, T. Bell & P. Kelsey. 2005. Relationships between soil characteristics, distribution and restoration potential of the federal threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl. The American Midland Naturalist (154)273-285. pdf

Zettler, L.W., K.A. Piskin, S.L. Stewart, J.J. Hartsock, M.L. Bowles & T.J. Bell. 2005. Protocorm mycobionts of the Federally threatened eastern prairie fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindley, and a t echnique to prompt leaf elongation in seedlings. Studies in Mycology 53.  pdf

Bowles, M. & M. Jones. 2006. Testing the efficacy of species richness and floristic quality assessment of quality, temporal change and fire effects in tallgrass prairie natural areas. Natural Areas Journal 26:17-30.  pdf

Bowles, M. & M. Jones. 2006. Trends of change in composition and structure of Chicago region wetland vegetation. Chicago Wilderness Journal 4(3)25-34.  pdf

Bowles, M.L, K.A. Jacobs, & J. Mengler. 2007. Long-term changes in an oak forestís woody understory and g roundlayer with repeated burning. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134:223-237. pdf

Bowles, M. & M. Jones. 2007. The prairie-wetland vegetation continuum in the Chicago region of northeastern Illinois. Ecological Restoration 25 (1):29-38.  pdf

Haney, A., M. Bowles, S. Apfelbaum & E. Lain. 2008. Gradient analysis of an eastern sand savannaís woody vegetation, and its long-term responses to restored fire processes. Forest Ecology and Management(266)1560-1571.  pdf

Bowles, M., S. Apfelbaum, A. Haney, S.Lehnhardt and T.Post. 2011. Canopy Cover and Groundlayer Vegetation Dynamics in a Fire Managed Eastern Sand Savanna. Forest Ecology and Management 262:1972-1982.  pdf